The study of the results of Earth geography on politics and international relation is thought geopolitics. The word ‘Geopolitics’ was first coined by the Swedish politics scientist ‘Rudolf Kjellen’. It is a technique of studying foreign policy to grasp, explain and predict international political behavior through geographical variable. It pivot on political power linked to geographic space.
Why do we need to study geopolitics?
Geopolitics is that the study of interstate conflict in geographic perspective. State seek a favorable or positive environment for the projection of force, political influence, cultural values and economic opportunity. It assumes that adversarial relationships among states will remain a massive or an enormous fact of the human condition.
Benefits / Advantage of geopolitics: –
Some advantage of geopolitics are as follows:-
1) National security advisors formulate grand strategy.
2) Geopolitics draws together the insights of various academic disciplines, most notably geography, history and international relations.
3) Geopolitics does a number of things that make it worthy of study.
4) Geopolitics regards international relations as a puzzle, with each new piece providing a more fulsome picture of the causes, course and consequences of conflicts.
Geopolitics has mostly been about antagonism between great powers and their contestations of powers on the large scale. These specifications of the political world pivot on states and the perpetuation of threats mapped as external dangers to supposedly pacific polities. It frames are culturally and historically relative critical geopolitics gives attention to diversity of interpretations of history.